Tuesday, April 18 12:00 PM ET
The Moderating Role of Self-Regulation in the Interplay between Mindfulness and Affect/Cognition: Findings from an Ecological Momentary Assessment Study
This study uses Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) to examine the interactive effects of momentary mindfulness and self-regulation on college students' emotional and cognitive outcomes in naturalistic settings. Multi-level modelling was conducted to analyse the 3,338 EMA surveys from 127 college students. The significant interaction effect suggests that the combined effect of higher momentary mindfulness and self-regulation levels leads to greater improvements in momentary cognition and greater reductions in momentary negative affect than if they were considered independently. This highlights that interventions should target more frequent practice of mindfulness and self-regulation skills, either independently or simultaneously, depending on the desired outcome.